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 @LIFE STORY OF MOHAMED PBUH PART 18 @ THE BATTLE OF BADR

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عدد المساهمات : 145
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تاريخ التسجيل : 11/08/2009

مُساهمةموضوع: @LIFE STORY OF MOHAMED PBUH PART 18 @ THE BATTLE OF BADR   الخميس سبتمبر 10, 2009 10:06 am



The Battle Of Badr


The Muslims who had gone to Medinah, had left all their
belongings behind in Mecca and these had been taken by their
enemies. Thus, when the Muslims heard that Abu Sufyan, one
of the leaders of Quraysh, was on his way back to Mecca from
Syria with a large caravan of goods, they decided that the time
had come for them to retrieve some of their losses. The
Prophet (pbuh) gave the Muslims permission for this attack
and everyone began to get ready for the raid, for it had been
revealed:

In the Name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful
“Permission to fight is given unto those who fight because
they have been wronged; and Allah is surely able to give them
victory” (Koran xxii.39)

“The Revelation had mentioned that a thing most serious
with Allah was to turn (men) from the way of Allah, and to
disbelieve in Him and in the Holy Mosque, and to drive his
people from there…for persecution is worse than
killing”.(Koran ii.217)


The retrieval of their goods, however, was not their only
reason for wanting to attack the caravan. The Muslims did not
think they should simply remain safely in Medinah; they
wanted to spread the message of Islam. They thus felt that if
Quraysh wanted freedom to trade in safety, then the Muslims
must also have freedom to believe in Allah, to follow His
Messenger (pbuh), and spread His Word. It was, therefore,
thought that the best, and only way to get Quraysh to
understand this was to attack what was most important to
them-a caravan.

Abu Sufyan, in the meantime, heard about the Muslims'
plan and Quickly sent a message to Quraysh in Mecca, telling
them that the caravan was in danger and asking for help. As a
result nearly all Quraysh came out to help him defend the
caravan. There were a thousand men and two hundred horses.
The women also went along to cheer the men on with their
singing. Unaware of this, the Prophet (pbuh) set out with his
followers. It was the month of Ramadan and the Muslims were
fasting.

There were only three hundred and five of them, most of
them Ansar, men from Medinah. With them they had three
horses and seventy camels, on which they rode in turns.

They arrived in the area of Badr, some distance from
Medinah where they made camp and waited for news of the
caravan. Then they heard that Quraysh had set out from
Mecca with a strong army. The situation had suddenly
changed. They were no longer going to make a raid on a
caravan-they were going to have to fight Quraysh. The
Prophet (pbuh) gathered his men around him to find out what
they wanted to do. First Abu Bakr, and then ‘Umar, spoke for
the Muslims who had come from Mecca. They said they would
obey the Prophet (pbuh). But the Prophet (pbuh) wanted to
hear the opinion of the Ansar, because he did not want to
force them into doing something they did not want to do. Sa’d
Ibn Mu’adh, one of the leaders of the Ansar, got up and said,
we believe in you and we swear before all men that what you
have brought is the truth.


We have given you our word and agreement to hear and
obey. So go where you wish, we are with you even if you
should lead us into the sea!

The Prophet (pbuh) was greatly encouraged by these words
and so it was agreed to fight. Abu Sufyan learned where the
Muslims were camped. He changed the course of the caravan
and quickly took it out of their reach. He then sent word to
Quraysh telling them that the caravan was safe and that they
should return to Mecca. But the leaders of Quraysh were proud
and stubborn men. They refused to return as they had made
up their minds to show everyone how powerful they were by
destroying the Muslims.Now there was a wadi, or valley, at
Badr, with wells on the side nearest Medina, and it was here
that the Muslims took up position facing the valley with the
wells behind them.

Quraysh meanwhile placed themselves on the other side of
the valley. The Muslims then dug a reservoir, filled it with
water from one of the wells, and made a barrier around it.
Then they stopped up the wells. In this way the Muslims had
enough drinking water for themselves, while the Meccans
would have to cross the valley and fight the Muslims in order
to get water. The night before the battle, while the Muslims
slept peacefully, a heavy rain fell.

In the Name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful
“When He made the slumber fall upon you as a reassurance
from Him and sent down water from the sky upon you, in
order that He might purify you, and remove from you the fear
of Satan, and strengthen your hearts and make firm (your)
fret thereby”. (Koran viii.11) On the morning of Friday, the
17th of Ramadan, 2 A.H., (March 17th, AD), the two armies
advanced and drew closer to one another. The rain been
heavier on the side of Quraysh, making the ground soft and
difficult. On the side of the Muslims, however, the rain had
backed the sand down hard, making it easy for them to march.
The Prophet (pbuh) preferred the men to fight in ranks. As
they prepared to march he noticed someone had stepped out
in front of the others.


The Prophet (pbuh)prodded him in the side with an arrow,
saying, 'Stand in line!' The man, Sawad, exclaimed, 'You have
hurt me, O Messenger of Allah! Allah has sent you to be just
and good.' Prophet (pbuh) lifted his shirt and said, 'Then do
the same to me. The man approached and kissed him on the
spot instead, saying, '0 Messenger of Allah, you see what is
before us and I may not survive the battle. If this is my last
time with you, I want the last thing I do in life to be
this.'Shortly after he went into battle, Sawad died a martyr.
Having examined the ranks, the Prophet (pbuh) then went to a
shelter made of palm branches from which he could command
the battle. Abu Bakr stayed with him, while Sa’d ibn Mu'adh,
with several of the Ansar, stood outside guarding the hut.
When the Prophet (pbuh) saw the enormous Quraysh army
descending the hill into the valley, with all their banners and
drums, he began to pray for the help which Allah had promised
him. These were some of his words. '0 Allah, here come
Quraysh full of vanity and pride, who oppose Thee and call Thy
Messenger a liar. O Allah, if this little band (the Muslims)
perishes today, there will be none left in the land to worship
Thee.'

In the Name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful
“When ye sought help of your Lord and He answered you
(saying): I will help you with a thousand of the angels, rank on
rank. Allah appointed it only as good tidings, and that your
hearts might thereby be at ease. Victory cometh only by the
help of Allah. Lo! Allah is Mighty, Wise”. (Koran viii. 9-10)

At first the battle began in single combat when one of
Quraysh swore that he would drink from the Muslims' reservoir
and then destroy it, or die in the attempt. Hamzah, the
Prophet's uncle, came forward to face him and killed him.
Three of the most important men of Quraysh then stepped
forward and gave out a challenge for single combat. The
Prophet (pbuh) sent out 'Ali, Hamzah, and ‘Ubaydah ibn al-
Harith, to face them. It was not long before Hamzah and ‘Ali
had killed their opponents.



As for 'Ubaydah, he had wounded his enemy but was
wounded himself, and so his two companions killed the
wounded Meccan and carried 'Ubaydah back to the safety of
the Muslim ranks. After this, the two armies attacked each
other and fighting broke out all around. The sky was filled with
arrows. The Muslim army held its ground against the great
army of Quraysh and even though the Muslims were much
fewer in number, they gained a great victory, destroying the
Meccan army and killing most of its leaders. Among the
leading Meccans who died were Abu Jahl and Umayyah ibn
Khalaf, who was killed by his former slave, Bilal. Seeing that
their leaders were nearly all dead, the remainder of Quraysh
retreated. The Prophet (pbuh) sent word to Medinahto tell
them of the victory. He then gathered up the spoils of war and
divided them equally among the Muslims. Some of the
Meccans had been taken prisoner and the Prophet (pbuh) gave
orders that they should be treated well until their relatives
from among Quraysh came to fetch them.

In the Name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful
“Ye (Muslims) did not slay them, but Allah slew them and
thou (Muhammad) threwest not when thou didst throw, but
Allah threw, so that He might test the believers by a fair test
from Him. Lo! Allah is All-hearing, All-Knowing”. (Koran viii.17)

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@LIFE STORY OF MOHAMED PBUH PART 18 @ THE BATTLE OF BADR
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