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 @ LIFE STORY OF MOHAMED PBUH part 20 @ THE BATTLE OF TRECH

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عدد المساهمات : 145
نقاط : 444
تاريخ التسجيل : 11/08/2009

مُساهمةموضوع: @ LIFE STORY OF MOHAMED PBUH part 20 @ THE BATTLE OF TRECH   الخميس سبتمبر 10, 2009 12:48 pm


The Battle Of The Trench


When the Prophet (Pbuh) first arrived in Medinah, the
WJews
who were living there had welcomed him. The Prophet (Pbuh)
had returned their greeting, as he wished to be on good terms
with them. An agreement was also reached between the
Muslims and the Jews, which gave the Jews the freedom to
practice their religion and which also set out their rights and
their duties. Among these duties was that in the case of war
with Quraysh, the Jews would fight on the side of the Muslims.

Despite this agreement, however, some of the Jewish
tribes, who resented the Prophet's presence in Medinah, soon
began to cause trouble amongst the Muslims. They tried to set
the Muslim Emigrants from Mecca and the Ansar against each
other. The troublemakers were given many warnings but they
continued to be a nuisance. In the end, the Muslims had no
choice but to drive them from Medinah. A new agreement was
offered those Jews who remained but the trouble did not end
there. One of the Jewish tribes, the Bani Nadir plotted to
murder the Prophet (Pbuh) but their plan was discovered and
they, too, were exiled from the city. Knowing that they could
not defeat the Muslims themselves, some of the leaders of the
exiled Jews secretly went to Mecca to enlist the help of
Quraysh. Knowing what the Meccans would like to hear, they
pretended to believe in the same things. They said that they
thought that the old Arab tradition was better than the
teachings of the Prophet Muhammad (Pbuh) and that they
believed that the Quraysh religion of worshipping many idols
was better than the Prophet's with only one God. Then the
Jews told them that if all the Arab tribes attacked Medinah, the
Jews inside the city would help to defeat the Prophet (Pbuh)
and Islam once and for all.




The leaders of Quraysh were pleased to hear all this and
seizing on what seemed to them a very good opportunity,
agreed to the plan and began to gather together a formidable
army. In the meantime in Medinah, only one Jewish tribe, the
Bani Quraydhah, refused to betray the Muslims.


Eventually the Muslims learned of the preparations being
made for war in Mecca and of the plotting of the Jews within
Medinahitself. The betrayal of the Muslims by the Jews did not
surprise the Prophet (Pbuh), who said of them: 'The hearts of
the Jews have become closed to the truth. They have
forgotten what Muses taught them long ago that there is only
one God.'

In the Name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful
“The likeness of those who are entrusted with the Law of
Moses, yet apply it not, is as the likeness of the ass carrying
books. Evil is the likeness of the people who deny the
revelations of Allah. And Allah guideth not wrongdoing folk”.
(Koran lxii.5)

The Muslims wondered how they could defend Medinah.
They heard that Abu Sufyan was coming to attack them with
an enormous army which included many other Arab tribes, as
well as Quraysh. What were they to do with only a single week
to prepare? The Prophet (Pbuh) and his men knew that it
would be impossible for them to fight off all these tribes! The
only thing they could do was to stay inside the city and try to
defend it as best they could. Now among the people of
Medinah was a Persian named Salman, who had to live in the
city some time before the Prophet's arrival there. As a convert
to Christianity he had traveled to Medinah after Christian
sages had told him that a Prophet would be born in Arabia. On
arriving in he was, however, sold into slavery by the
merchants with whom he had traveled. Later he became a
Muslim, gained his freedom and became a member of the
Prophet's household.


When the people gathered to discuss a plan of action
against the approaching enemy, Salman was present and it
was he who suggested that they should dig a trench around
the city. The Prophet (Pbuh) thought this a good idea, so the
Muslims set to work, although it was in the middle of winter.
They worked day and night, digging the trench as quickly as
possible. The Prophet (Pbuh) himself carried rocks and when
the men were tired he gave them the will to carry on.
Someone later recalled how beautiful he looked, dressed in a
red cloak with dust upon his breast and his dark hair nearly
reaching his shoulders. There was little food at this time and
the men were often hungry as they worked.

On one occasion, however, a little girl gave some dates to
the Prophet (Pbuh), which he spread out on a cloth. The men
were then called to eat and the dates kept increasing in
number until everyone had been fed. Even after everyone had
eaten their fill, the dates continued to increase so that there
were more than the cloth could hold. Similarly, there is the
story of the lamb, that has come down to us from one who
was there: 'We worked with the Apostle at the trench. I had a
half-grown lamb and I thought it would be a good thing to
cook it for Allah's Messenger. I told my wife to grind barley
and make some bread for us. I killed the lamb and we roasted
it for the Prophet (Pbuh). When night fell and he was about to
leave the trench, I told him we had prepared bread and meat
and invited him to our home. I wanted him to come on his
own, but when I said this he sent someone to call all the men
to come along. Everyone arrived and the food was served. He
blessed it and invoked the Name of Allah over it. Then he ate
and so did all of the others. As soon as one lot were satisfied,
another group came until all the diggers had eaten enough,
but still there was food to spare.

On March 24, 627 A.D, Abu Sufyan arrived with more than
ten thousand men. The Muslims numbered only three
thousand. Quraysh and their allies surrounded Medinah but
between the two armies was the long, wide trench.



The Prophet (pbuh) and his men stayed behind this trench
for nearly a month defending the city against their more
powerful enemy. Many times warriors tried to cross the trench
and enter the city, but each time they were pushed back by
the Muslims. The Muslims were afraid that if any did manage
to cross over, the Jews inside Medinah would join forces with
them and the Muslims would be beaten. The Jewish tribe of
Bani Quraydhah, who had stood by the, agreement with the
Muslims, were pressed by a Jewish emissary from the enemy
without, to break their promise. Eventually they agreed to do
so and when the news of this reached the Prophet (pbuh) and
his companions they were greatly troubled. Sa'd ibn Mu'adh,
the leader of the tribe of Aws, was sent by the Prophet (pbuh)
with two other men to find out if this were true. When they
arrived in the part of Medinah where the Jews lived, they
found were even worse than they had previously thought.


Sa'd ibn Mu'adh, whose tribe was closely allied with the
Bani Quraydhah, tried to persuade their leader not to break
the treaty with the Muslims, but he refused to listen. This
meant that the Muslims could not relax their guard for one
moment, for they were now threatened not only by the enemy
beyond the trench, but by the Bani Qurayzah, within the walls
of the city.

Things became more difficult for the Muslims day by day. It
was extremely cold and food began to run out. To make
matters worse, the Bani Qurayzah began openly and actively
to join forces with the other Jews and cut off all supplies to the
Muslims, including food. The enemies of Islam then planned
how to capture Medinah.

The situation looked desperate and the Prophet (pbuh)
prayed to Allah to Allah to help the Muslims defeat their
enemies. That very night a sandstorm blew up which buried
the tents of Quraysh. The storm continued for three days and
three nights making it impossible for the enemy to light a fire
to cook a meal or warm themselves by.


On one of these dark nights the Prophet (pbuh) asked one
of his men, Hudhayfah Ibn al-Yaman, to go on a dangerous
mission. The Prophet (pbuh) told him to make his way across
the trench to the enemy camp where he should find out what
they were doing. With much difficulty Hudhayfah crossed the
trench and made his way to a circle of Quraysh warriors
talking in the darkness. He sat near them, but as there was no
fire, no one noticed him. He then heard Abu Sufyan's voice:
'Let us go home!' he said. 'We have had enough. The horses
and camels are dying, the tents keep blowing away, most of
the equipment has been lost, and we can not cook our food.
There is no reason to stay!'

Shortly after hearing this Hudhayfah made his way quickly
and quietly back across the trench and the next morning the
Muslims rejoiced to find that what he had overheard had come
true-Quraysh and their allies had gone away! The siege of
Medinah had ended in a great victory for Islam. But this was
not to be the end of the difficulties, for the Archangel Gabriel
the Prophet (pbuh) and told him that he should punish the
Bani Qurayzah for betraying him and the Muslims.

On hearing this, the Prophet (pbuh) ordered the Muslims to
march against the Bani Qurayzah as they hid in their fortress.
The Muslims besieged them for twenty-five days until they
finally gave in. On surrendering, they asked the Prophet
(pbuh) to let someone judge their case, and he agreed. He
also allowed them to choose who would give the ruling. The
man chosen to judge the Bani Qurayzah was Sa'd ibn Mu'adh,
leader of the Aws, a tribe which had always protected the
Qurayzah in the past. Sa'd ibn Mu'adh who had himself been
wounded in the battle, decided that the Jews should be tried
by their own Holy Law, according to which anyone who broke a
treaty would be put to death. As a result all the men of the
Bani Qurayzah were executed and the women and children
made captive. If the Jews had succeeded in their pact, Islam
would have been destroyed. Instead from that day on,
Medinah became a city where only Muslims lived.


Very soon after peace had been restored to Medinah, Sa'd
ibn Mu'adh died of his wounds. It was said that the Archangel
Gabriel came in the middle of that night and said to the
Prophet (pbuh) '0 Muhammad, who is this dead man? When he
arrived, the doors of heaven opened and the Throne of Allah
shook.' The Prophet (pbuh) got up as soon as he heard this,
but found that Sa'd was already dead. Although he had been a
heavy man, the men who carried his body to the grave found
it quite light. They were told that the angels were helping
them. When he was buried, the Prophet (pbuh) said three
times 'Subhan Allah!' (Glory be to Allah!), and 'Allahu Akbar!'
(Allah is Most Great!). When asked why he did this, he replied,
'The grave was tight for this good man, until Allah eased it for
him.' This is one of the rewards that Allah gives to martyrs and
good Muslims.

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@ LIFE STORY OF MOHAMED PBUH part 20 @ THE BATTLE OF TRECH
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