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 @LIFE STORY OF MOHAMED PBUH PART 25 @ THE FAREWELL PILGRIMAGE

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عدد المساهمات : 145
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تاريخ التسجيل : 11/08/2009

مُساهمةموضوع: @LIFE STORY OF MOHAMED PBUH PART 25 @ THE FAREWELL PILGRIMAGE   الخميس سبتمبر 10, 2009 1:09 pm




The Farewell Pilgrimage




The Prophet (pbuh) had become the most powerful leader in
the whole of Arabia. After the idols in the Ka'bah had been
smashed and Quraysh had become Muslim, most of the other
tribes of Arabia came to declare their Islam. The year in which
they came was later to be called the Year of Deputations. As
each tribe joined Islam, the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) sent
his men to teach them about their new religion. Many people
also came to Medinah to question the Prophet (pbuh) himself.
One tribe sent a man called Dimam, who was large and strong.
On arriving in Medinah, he went straight to the mosque, where
the Messenger of Allah (pbuh) was sitting with some of his
companions, and stood over the Prophet (pbuh). In a loud,
rough voice he asked, 'Which of you is the son of 'Abd al-
Muttalib?' When the Prophet (pbuh) answered him Dimam
went on, 'I am going to ask you a hard question, so do not
misunderstand me. I ask you to swear by Allah, your Allah, the
Allah of those before you and the Allah of those who will come
after you, has He sent you to us as a messenger?' 'Yes, He
has', replied the Prophet (pbuh). 'Has Allah instructed you to
order us to serve Him; to pray these five prayers; to pay alms;
to fast; to make the pilgrimage and to follow the other laws of
Islam)?' continued Dimam. When the Prophet (pbuh)
answered that Allah had indeed instructed him in this way,
Dimam became a Muslim and, as he left, added, 'Then I will do
the things we are told to do and avoid the things we are
forbidden-no more and no less.` As Dimam mounted his camel
to leave, the Prophet(pbuh) told the people around him, 'If this
man is sincere, he will go to Paradise.' When Dimam reached
his people they all thought he had gone mad but by nightfall,
after he had finished speaking, there was not among them
that had not accepted Islam.



When the time came for the yearly pilgrimage, it was
proclaimed that the prophet (pbuh) would be going to Mecca.
The Muslims flocked to Medinah from all over Arabia to join
him on his journey to the Ka’bah. As the tribes arrived they
camped around the city until they finally numbered more than
thirty thousand.

The Prophet (pbuh) went out with his family and friends to
pilgrimage, but before setting off, he led all the Muslims in
prayer. After the prayers, the Prophet (pbuh) got on his camel
and headed towards Mecca followed by the pilgrims, all of
whom, for the first time in centuries, worshipped Allah, the
One God. The Prophet (pbuh) and his companions were deeply
moved by the sight of the huge number of Muslims
accompanying them to Mecca, carrying no arms, and fearing
no one. They could not help but remember their original flight
from Mecca when they had been so few in number and were
forced to leave in order to avoid the anger of Quraysh.
Throughout the journey the Muslims repeated a prayer taught
to them by the Prophet (pbuh) which he in turn had received
from the Archangel Gabriel. This prayer, the talbiyah, has been
part of the Hajj ritual ever since. It is in answer to the call
Abraham was commanded to make when he and Ishmael
finished building the Ka’bah.

Labaik Allahumma labaik, labaik la sharika laka labaik in al-
hamd wa al-ni'amatu laka wal-mulk, la sharika laka. Here I
am, O Allah, at Thy service. Here I am, Thou art without
partner, here I am. All Praise and blessings are thine, and
Dominion! Thou art without partner!

After ten days the pilgrims marched at sunset through the
same pass by which they had entered on the Day of Conquest
of Mecca. When they reached the Ka’bah, the Prophet (pbuh)
stood before it in prayer, then he and all the Muslims walked
around it seven times saying their prayer aloud. Next, just as
Abraham had done, they went towards the Mount of Mercy at
'Arafah, which the Prophet (pbuh) ascended on a camel. From
the mountain he led the people in prayer and then spoke to
them as they stood assembled on the vast plain below.


What the Prophet (pbuh) said is known as the ‘Farewell
Sermon’, because it was the last speech the Prophet (pbuh)
made before he died. He said, 'surely you will meet your Lord
and He will question you about your works.' He asked the
Muslims to take their guidance from the Koran and from his
own example. This, he said, was the best way to live. He
ordered them to cease living in the way they had before Islam.

Revenge, one of the oldest traditions in Arabia, was ended
forever; usury was prohibited; property was to be respected.
Things which previously were forbidden during the four sacred
months of the year were now forbidden at all times. He then
commanded, 'Know that every Muslim is a Muslim's brother',
which was a completely new idea to the tribes who had so
often quarreled in the past. He also said, 'Allah has given
everyone his due-exactly what each one deserves. After each
point the Prophet (pbuh) asked, 'Have I explained it well? Is it
perfectly clear?' Everyone answered, 'Yes.' For these were the
people who would have to pass on the Prophet's message and
instructions to those who were unable to be present that day
and to future generations. The Prophet (pbuh) said, 'I have left
you two things. If you hold on to them you will be saved. They
are Allah's Book and the words of your Prophet.' He then
asked, 'Have I not conveyed the message?' The multitude
shouted out, 'By Allah, yes!' The Prophet (pbuh) ended, '0
Allah! Bear witness to that.'

In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful
“… This day those who disbelieve are in despair of (ever
harming) your religion; so do not fear them, but fear Me! This
day I have perfected your religion, for you, and I have
completed My favor unto you, and have chosen for you as a
religion AL-ISLAM”. (Koran v.3) Many Muslims started to shed
tears, knowing that if the Prophet (pbuh) had completed his
message, his life must be near its end.




After spending the rest of the day of ‘Arafah in prayer and
contemplation, the Muslims began to complete the pilgrimage by
returning to Mecca with the talbiyah prayer still on their lips. The
first night of the return journey was spent at Muzdalifah. Here they
gathered pebbles, which they carried with them the next day to
Mina. There they stood before a huge rock and stoned it in
remembrance of Abraham's meeting with the Devil in that very
place. When Abraham received the order from Allah to sacrifice his
son Ishmael as a test of his faith, the Devil had tried to convince
him not to do it. He came to Abraham at Mina, as he was on his
way to carry out Allah's command, but Abraham took some stones
and hurled them at the Devil to drive him away since the casting of
stones at Mina on the Prophet's 'Farewell Pilgrimage', this has
become another ritual which Muslims perform on the annual
pilgrimage to remind them that they, too, must continue to drive
the Devil away when he tries to prevent them from being obedient
to Allah. After throwing the stones, the pilgrims sacrificed sheep and
camels and gave the meat to the poor. In this way the great faith of
Abraham was remembered, for when he had been ready to sacrifice
Ishmael, Allah had sent a sheep in his place. The Muslims then
completed the pilgrimage by again circling the Ka’bah seven times.
They then cut their hair and nails and changed out of their white
clothes to show they had returned to their daily lives. Before
returning to Medinah, the Muslims spent three nights in the valley
at Medinah where the final preparations were made for the journey
home.

As for the Prophet (pbuh), he made one final visit before
leaving Mecca. This was to the grave of his devoted wife,
Khadijah, who had been the first person to believe in Allah's
Revelation through him. The Prophet (pbuh) knew that this
would be the last time he would see the grave, or Mecca,
because during the pilgrimage he had received the chapter of
the Koran called 'Help', form which he knew that his death was
not far away.

In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful
“When Allah's help and triumph comes And thou seest,
mankind entering the religion of Allah in troops, Then hymn
the praises of thy Lord, and seek forgiveness of Him. Lo! He is
ever ready to show mercy”. (Koran cx.1-3)

الرجوع الى أعلى الصفحة اذهب الى الأسفل
معاينة صفحة البيانات الشخصي للعضو
 
@LIFE STORY OF MOHAMED PBUH PART 25 @ THE FAREWELL PILGRIMAGE
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