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 @ LIFE STORY OF MOHAMED PBUH @ GLOSSARY

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عدد المساهمات : 145
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تاريخ التسجيل : 11/08/2009

مُساهمةموضوع: @ LIFE STORY OF MOHAMED PBUH @ GLOSSARY   الخميس سبتمبر 10, 2009 1:18 pm



GLOSSARY



Abd Allah Abd al-Mulib's youngest son. Father of the
Prophet

Abd Allah Ibn One of the rulers of Yathrib before the

Ubayy Hijrah. He became a Muslim but secretly
plotted with the Meccans against the
Prophet.

Abd Al- Son of Hashim. He took the place of his

Muttalib father as the head of Quraysh. He dug the
well of Zamzam.

Abd Allah Ibn : Was sent with Amr Ibn al-'Ass to

Abu Rabiah Abyssinia.

Abdu Manaf Son of Qusayy; took over as leader of the
Quraysh after his father's death.

Abrahah King of Yemen who came to Mecca with a
big army to destroy the Kabbah.

Abraham The founding father of the three
(Ibrahtm) monotheistic (worshipping one God only)
religions-Judaism, Christianity and Islam.
The descendants of his son Ish maci
(fsma'ii) formed the tribe of Quraysh,
which is the tribe of the Prophet
Muhammad

Abo Bakr A rich and much respected merchant of
Mecca. The first man to believe in the Prophet
and embrace Islam. He was the Prophet's
closest friend and companion.



Abu Dujanah One of the great Ansar warriors. lt was he
who died Shielding the Prophet with his
ownbody during the battle of Uhud

Abujahl One of the important men of Quraysh.
Violently opposed to
Islam, he did many things to harm the
Prophet. He was killed at Badr. ABU
LAHAB: One of the Prophet Mohammed’s
uncles, who was a great enemy of Islam.
He is referred to in the Koran in Surah cxi.

Abu Sufyan One of the leaders of Quraysh who led the
unbelievers in their fight against the
Prophet. He finally became a Muslim. His
wife was Hind.

Abo Talib The Prophet's uncle, father of 'Ali, one of the
respected men of Quraysh He took care of the
Prophet after his grandfather died and
continued to protect him until his own death.

'Addas A Christian servant of one of the big tribes
of Ta'if and the only person from this town
to believe in the Prophet ~ at the time of
his first visit there.

Adhan Call to prayer.

'Aisah The Prophet's wife and daughter of Abu
Bakr.

Al-'Abbas One of the uncles of the Prophet ~.
Converted to Islam and joined the Muslims
just as they were about to enter Mecca.




Ali Son of Abu Tilib. First cousin of the

Prophet. 'Ali later married Fatimah, the
youngest daughter of the Prophet.

Allahu Akar Phrase meaning 'God Allah is Great'.

Alms Money, clothes or food given to the poor.

Aminah Aminah bint Wahb. The motherof the Prophet.

'Amro Ibun An important and clever man from

Al'ass Quraysh; was sent to Abyssinia to bring
back the first Muslim emigrants.
Later

became one of the great Warriors of Islam.

Ansar The inhabitants of Medinah who became
Muslims and asked the Prophet to come
and live with them.

Apostle Person sent to teach men about God.


Wa Aleikum Phrase used by the Muslims in greeting,
Assalamu meaning: 'May the Peace, Mercy and Grace
Rahmatullah of Allah be upon you.
Wa
Barakatuiiu

Bah1ira A monk who lived in the desert on the
Quraysh caravan route to Syria.

Bani Hashim The branch of Quraysh to
which the Prophet belonged.


Bani Qurayzah A Jewish tribe who were living in Yathrib
at the time the Prophet arrived there. Several
times they betrayed their Covenant with
the Prophet, forcing him to fight them.


Bedouin Nomadic Arabs of the desert,
usually shepherds.


Bilal The Slave of Umayyah ibn Khalaf. He
became a Muslim against the will of his
master and was persecuted cruelly but
never lost his faith. Later he became the
first mu'adhdhin (the person who calls the
adhan).


Bismillah The phrase meaning 'In the Name of Allah
the Merciful, The Compassionate'.

Booty Things captured from an enemy in war.

Buraq Animal ridden by the Prophet Muliammad ~
on his ascent to heaven (the Isra' and Mi'raj).

Caravan A group of travellers, usually merchants
with their goods.

Clan Large family or tribe.

Congregation Gathering of people for prayer.

Convert To change from one state into another,
usually said of religion.

Copt An Egyptian Christian.

Descendants People originating from a certain person
(children,
grandchildren, etc.).

Destined Fated, already decided by God.

Famine Scarcity of food.


Fast To go without food and water, e.g. the

month of Ramadan.

Fitrah The pure original nature God gave to man.

Gabriel (Jibril) The Archangel who conveyed the
Revelation of the Quran to the Prophet from
Allah.

Graze To feed on grass, as sheep do.

Guardian One who is responsible for someone (e.g. a
child)? A place, or thing.



Hadith An account of what the Prophet ~ said or
did, or his silent approval of something said
or done in his presence

Hagar Abraham's second wife and mother of his
(Haajar) first son Ishmael.

Halimah A Bedouin woman from Bani Sa'd, who
cared for the Prophet during his early
childhood.

Hamzah The Prophet's uncle; one of the bravest
and strongest of the Muslims. Fought at
Badr and was killed in Uhud.

Has Him Son of Abdu Manif. Organized the caravan
journeys of Quraysh to Syria and Yemen.
As a result Mecca grew rich and became a
large and important centre of trade.

Heraclius Emperor of the Eastern Roman Empire.

Hermit A holy man who lives far away from
people.


Hiurah The flight from Mecca to Medinah;
emigration

Hind Abu Sufyin's wife.

Imam A man who leads the Muslims in prayer.

Ishmael The first son of Abraham from his wife
(Isma'il) Hagar. Settled in Mecca where he helped
his father rebuild the Kabah. From his
descendants came Quraysh.

Islam Religion revealed to the Prophet
Muhammad.

Ja'far Ibn Abu A cousin of the Prophet and brother of
Ali,


Tallb he was the spokesman of the Muslims who
emigrated to Abyssinia.

Khadijah The Prophet Mohammed’s first and only
wife until her death. She was the first to
believe in the Prophet and to accept as true
the Message he brought from Allah.

Khalid Ibn Al- A great warrior, very skilled at warfare. He
Walid planned the defeat of the Muslims at Uhud,
but later converted to Islam and fought
even more strongly for his new faith.

Martyr One who dies in the cause of God.

Maysarah Khadijah's slave. Accompanied the Prophet
on his journey with Khadijah's caravans.

Minaret Tower from which the call to prayer is
made.


Mosque Building in which Muslims pray.

Muslim One who submits to God, usually referring
to the followers of the Prophet Muhammad.

Oasis A small area in the desert where water and
trees are to be found.

Paradise Place to which the souls of good people go
after death

Pilgrimage Journey to a holy place, e.g. Hajj


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@ LIFE STORY OF MOHAMED PBUH @ GLOSSARY
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